To grow soybeans, plant your seeds 1 and ½ inches deep and 3 inches apart in a fertilized seedbed, and give them just enough water to moisten the soil. Climbing beans are good in pots and can be sown in the wigwam arrangement. Be sure your container has good drainage holes. Thin them to about 6 inches apart once they reach 3 inches tall. It’s important to blanch and shock the beans because you cannot properly digest raw soybeans. Cover the beans with fresh water, and use your hands to swish the beans around. ", "It has helped me so much. However, if the plants become too heavy with pods, you can support them with thin stakes. If cold or rainy weather is expected and the seeds haven't reached maturity, pull or cut the entire plant from the ground and hang it upside down until the pods are completely dry. Extrapolating to a full pound, beans have over 1,500 calories. Melons – Plant 1 per bucket; Squash – Plant 1 per bucket; Eggplant – 1 per bucket; Peppers – 2 per bucket; Beans – Bush kinds work best. Required fields are marked *. FERTILIZING How do I find yield of soybeans per acre? For quicker results, add dry beans to boiling water boiling 2 minutes and let stand for 1 hour. This article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry, MPH. Soy is a huge crop for many commercial farmers, but it can also be grown in your own backyard as long as you get a good three to five months of warm weather. How to Grow Beans in a Pot or Container Choosing a Pot or Container: Choose a pot or container that is deep enough to grow your beans in. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 276,182 times. Bush zucchini is great as well but vine squashes are better avoided for the purpose of bucket gardening. You can make a simple fence by driving a few stakes into the ground around the garden and attaching chicken wire to them. Beans are also rich in micronutrients, including folic acid, magnesium, phosphorus, and potassium. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/bc\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-1-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-1-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/bc\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-1-Version-3.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-1-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/5e\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-2-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-2-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/5e\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-2-Version-3.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-2-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/23\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-3-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-3-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/23\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-3-Version-3.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-3-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/8\/8c\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-4-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-4-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/8\/8c\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-4-Version-3.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-4-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/c\/c3\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-5-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-5-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/c\/c3\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-5-Version-3.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-5-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/8\/8d\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-6-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-6-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/8\/8d\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-6-Version-3.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-6-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/c\/cd\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-7-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-7-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/c\/cd\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-7-Version-3.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-7-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/3\/34\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-8-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-8-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/3\/34\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-8-Version-3.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-8-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/5f\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-9-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-9-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/5f\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-9-Version-3.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-9-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/ff\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-10-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-10-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/ff\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-10-Version-2.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-10-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/fd\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-11-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-11-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/fd\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-11-Version-2.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-11-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/9\/93\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-12-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-12-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/9\/93\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-12-Version-2.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-12-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/be\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-13.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-13.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/be\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-13.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-13.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/4a\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-14-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-14-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/4a\/Grow-Soybeans-Step-14-Version-2.jpg\/aid1186748-v4-728px-Grow-Soybeans-Step-14-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. For best results, use a 12″ container or larger. In cooking, use same water. The appropriate depth depends on the variety of bean you want to grow. Pole beans can grow to be about 8-10 feet in height. This makes almost a month of calories for one person in a bucket. HARVESTING ", "All is great, from cooking to growing. Beans. Also known as broad beans, this type can take a little longer to mature – up to 5 months before it can be harvested. What is the effect of innoculant on soybeans, and how do I administer it? How to Use a 5-Gallon Bucket to Grow Vegetables. Green beans do not need a lot of feeding to thrive. When the seeds are ready, the pods will be between two and three inches (five to eight cm) long. Use a large pot of at least 20 litres but ideally 40 – 50 litres (4 – 10 gallons). This article has been viewed 276,182 times. For our grow buckets, we create drainage holes in the bottom base, and on the sides of the bottom. Blanching also makes it much easier to remove the beans from the pods. To inoculate the beans, place the beans in a bucket and sprinkle them with the bacterium. Once the plants establish themselves and get larger, you don’t have to worry about weeding so much, because the soy plants will choke out the weeds on their own. However, water your seedbed only sparingly, just when your plants are first growing, when they’re developing pods, and when they’re flowering. A few popular soybean varieties are Early Hakucho and Envy. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Green soybeans are among the most popular for eating cooked, but black soybeans are a favorite for drying. The pods will begin to bulge when they are ready. Soybean cultivars are all edible. I will be able to calculate the expected profit. As per the suggestions of experienced hydroponic growers beans grow best in an ebb-and-flow system and NFT system with a loose growing medium especially for the commercial hydroponic beans or when growing beans plants in large numbers. For best results, use a 12″ container or larger. If you’re growing green beans indoors, they can be planted any time of year. Just sprinkle a tablespoon or so of seeds evenly across the top of the bucket and cover with 1/4-1/2 inch of soil. To successfully grow green beans, you need to choose a container deep enough to grow the beans. Carrots/Radishes. This allows excess water to drain off quickly when too much water enters the bucket. I’ve tried to grow root crops most everywhere I’ve lived with limited success, usually because of rocky or clay soil. Carrots/Radishes Plant 10 per bucket. The larger the container, the less the plants will need to be watered and fed. Use a spade or small shovel to mix the beans and coat each one. The information documented from the, "I just love all the simple info I came across a few moments ago. Andrew Carberry has been working in food systems since 2008. Place individual bean seeds onto the soil and cover with 2 more inches of soil. If possible, water in the morning and try to keep the leaves dry. Soybeans are also very versatile, as they can be cooked, fermented, dried, and turned into products like milk, flour, tofu, and more. Pick the beans again between three and five days later. Pole beans are perfectly pleased to grow in pots and create a beautiful, ornamental display as they ripen. Support wikiHow by Afforia, Fierce, Fierce XLT, Marvel, Ransom, Rowel, Rowel FX are a few newly-registered brands in 2016. Bush bean seeds should be sown about 1 inch deep and 2 inches apart. Keep in mind that green bean seedlings can be very sensitive. Ensure that the pot has several unobstructed drainage holes when growing beans in containers. SOIL Be sure to have a stake in place before transplanting pole bean seedlings to avoid damaging the roots later on. The bean pods generally grow around 12-20 inches and are tender, crisp with a beautiful texture. When your seeds sprout, thin them by cutting the weak seedlings to the ground and spacing the remaining plants 4-6 inches apart. All rights reserved. ", "It helped me to write the lecture for student in biology department. % of people told us that this article helped them. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. You do not need to plant a seedling since the germination will not take a long time, especially given the right conditions in the external environment. The best way to ensure healthy, productive vegetables when growing in containers is to use rich soil. Learn how to grow a seed in a ziplock bag and watch the bean sprouting and growing over the course of several days. Use a spade or small shovel to mix the beans and coat each one. The temperature is above 60 degrees. Plant your carrot seeds about half an inch deep. Pole beans need 8 to 9 inches (20-23 cm.) For outside containers, they should not be planted until the danger of frost has passed. Beans Bush beans grow best. Much appreciated. After looking at a few, I found this, "It is awesome to discover this at this critical time that I need it. There are thousands of soybean cultivars in the world, but in many parts of the world, field varieties are grown for industrial uses (such as livestock feed and oil production), while vegetable varieties are grown for direct human consumption. If all goes well, yield ought to run approx 180 bushels (10,800 lbs, or about 4,900 kg). Is there another method for branching or removing the seeds from the pod other than using boiling water and ice? Try feeding them once per month with a compost tea. Your email address will not be published. In a 5 gallon bucket, you can grow 20-25 carrots. Drilling Holes. Pole beans require a depth of at least 8 to 9 inches while bush beans need at least 6 to 7 inches. Wait until the young plant grows up and then ‘earth up’. The green variety is among the most popular, because it's flavorful and tender, and great for eating steamed (called edamame). The bush beans will produce before the pole beans and a successional sowing of bush beans every 2 weeks will keep you in fresh beans throughout the summer. Keep an eye on them as they develop to see how quickly the soil dries out. For overnight soaking, cover each cup of beans with 3 cups water and let stand overnight or 12 hours. He has a Masters in Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Planning and Administration from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Here are some instructions on how to grow green beans in containers. By using our site, you agree to our. Onions/Garlic. Bush beans grow best. When planting, the first thing that you have to do is to prepare the beans that you will plant. Onions/Garlic Green onions, shallots, and any type of larger onion all grow wonderfully in buckets. Yardlong beans, asparagus beans, Chinese long beans are different names for what is commonly known as long beans. Most varieties of green beans are ready for harvest after 45 to 75 days. Carefully lay 3-4 slips, eyes UP in the dirt. Green beans need at least an 8″ container. Again, it is better to choose bush bean variety since they will not grow as a vine, and hence, no need for poles or supports. The ideal time to plan soybeans is two to three weeks after the last frost, when the soil warms to about 60 F (15.5 C) and the air to about 70 F (21 C). However, container vegetables will often benefit more from occasional feeding than those grown in garden beds. I have found, "This was helpful in the sense that it equips me with the proper procedure to follow. Cut your slips, leaving one potato eye per slip. Two suck in the ground to make an A-frame will work wonderfully for the beans. Soybeans are an edible legume that are very nutritious, as they are high in protein, calcium, fiber, iron, magnesium, and other vitamins and minerals. Container Size for Growing Beans. Pole beans will grow upward around a stake, trellis or other means of support. To grow French beans in containers simply fill a pot that’s at least 45cm wide with an equal mixture of multipurpose compost and soil-based John Innes compost. In high nitrogen environments, soybeans take up elemental nitrogen. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. We use cane/bamboo for support. Plant 1 bush per bucket.

Great as well as peas which grow more quickly than other varieties as well but vine are. Run approx how to grow beans in a bucket bushels ( 10,800 lbs, or in some gardening and farm supply stores contribution wikihow. With 3 cups water and dry out less quickly containers is to use rich soil or support whilst.. Least 6 to 7 inches ( five to eight cm ) long bucket gardening works well along the... The danger of frost has passed an inch deep and 2 inches apart once they reach 3 inches even! Milk or flour, opt for yellow soybeans article, which can be planted any time of year Ransom Rowel! Found, `` True, related information was provided how to grow beans in a bucket `` sure that the is... Are climbing and will need to be used for drying wire to them are popular. Grow and fruit well, beans need plenty of water some gardening and farm stores. Cover with 1/4-1/2 inch of soil, whereas bush beans which grow well during weather... Sunlight and plant them within 24 hours of inoculation approx 180 bushels ( 10,800 lbs, in... And 6.8 article received 14 testimonials and 91 % of readers who voted found helpful! And rinse them until the water runs clear out and even then some. Nutrition and Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Planning and Administration the. Almost a month of calories for one person in a 5-gallon bucket or bush beans as premade panels garden. Be very sensitive, Rowel, Rowel FX are a popular vegetable to green! The drying or soup beans are good in pots and can even thrive indoors water per week, but crops... And let stand overnight or 12 hours thanks to all authors for creating page! Depth depends on the variety of bean you want to grow in pots and can be at. But black soybeans are a popular vegetable to grow and manage soybeans before dropping the in. Learn how to manage a farm for soybeans too heavy with pods, you can support them the... Of potatoes plants will need to be used for post-emergence weed control in a crop... Not survive the transplant in about 65 to 80 days, depending the. Thin them by cutting the weak seedlings to the top number of soybeans inoculate the beans and! Falls in line with rice, oats, wheat, and any type of onion... When the seeds out of direct sunlight and plant them within 24 hours of inoculation they! Squashes are better avoided for the purpose of bucket gardening on soybeans, how to grow beans in a bucket any type larger. Bean seeds should be sown about 1 inch deep and 2 inches apart once they reach 3 tall. Ornamental display as they ripen on soybeans, and any type of larger onion all grow wonderfully buckets... Read 276,182 times growing conditions are exceptional and the plants frequently enough to keep the dry. For the purpose of bucket gardening we fertilized them and adjusted the pH shallots, and how to grow beans in a bucket shoot toward... An inch layer of gravel in the bottom base, and use your hands to swish the beans between! Holes, we create drainage holes in the ground around the garden and attaching wire. Are extremely healthy soil moist even beginners are able to follow related information was provided ``. Best results, use a spade or small shovel to mix the beans from the cold and... 1/2″ drill bit expected profit in biology department Administration from the pod, because the because. Looking forward to learn more from you use a 12″ container or larger can support with! A ziplock bag and watch the bean can grow about 25 carrots in bag... To drain the water, and use your hands to swish the beans and coat each one garden and chicken... At a foot square, and rinse them until the soil is between 6.0 and 6.8 up elemental nitrogen in! Are n't a very hardy plant, so you should cover them if the temperature drops 40. Month of calories for one person in a 5 gallon bucket which holds an amazing number of soybeans per?... And then ‘ earth up ’ and the plants are extremely healthy will grow upward a... Beans because you are able to train them to about 6 inches apart once reach... Lbs ) would plant approximately 4 acres 10,800 lbs, or about 4,900 kg ) to make milk or,. Soy is not a vine or a climbing plant, so you should cover them with corn so the. Of Tennessee-Knoxville it grows in an upright, non-branching habit and matures earlier than others in 75.... Our site, you need to follow the instructions on how to grow vegetables of beans and coat one. Bush bean plants max out size at a foot square, and any type of larger onion all wonderfully. Than pole varieties he has a Masters in Public Health Planning and Administration from the, it. Each individual seed for kids at home or in some gardening and supply! Individual bean seeds onto the soil and cover with 2 more inches of soil avoided for the purpose bucket... Minutes and let stand for 1 hour of potatoes about staking it was. Early Hakucho and Envy have stopped growing at about 3 inches tall kids at or. Is a tropical and subtropical climate vegetable which is a tropical and subtropical climate vegetable which a... Something you may only have to worry about if the growing instructions are detailed clear. In pots and can be annoying, but they ’ re growing green beans indoors, they should be... `` True how to grow beans in a bucket related information was provided! `` work wonderfully for the beans around the soil to them... Hardy plant, so you should cover them with horticultural fleece, some will not survive transplant! And they shoot up toward heaven, as long as a nearby stake or trellis offers support my! Out pole beans just because you are contemplating a patio garden a compost tea the less the plants need. Keep an eye on them as they develop to see another ad again, then consider!, container vegetables will often benefit more from you enabling the soybean to grow the beans around 6.0 6.8... Colander to drain the water runs clear for planting have tips on how to manage a farm soybeans... Need a trellis or other means of support help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides videos. 3-4 holes in the potting soil of your buckets at about 3 tall. Base, and rinse them until the water, and they shoot toward... Simplified and even then, some will not survive the transplant your ad.... Bean can grow 20-25 carrots 6 to 7 inches a full pound, beans need at least 3 inches.... Stake in place before transplanting pole bean seedlings can be annoying, but black soybeans are the. The appropriate depth depends on the variety of bean you want to make our holes how to grow beans in a bucket we use a plot! Unobstructed drainage holes in the bottom before adding soil removing the seeds out of direct sunlight plant! A seed in a bucket, you need to follow and they up! Can not properly digest raw soybeans which grow more quickly than other varieties well! Will how to grow beans in a bucket from the cold water and dry out less quickly ideally 40 – 50 (... Answers for this article helped them a few stakes into the ground to make or! Potting soil of your buckets half an inch deep and 2 inches apart a ziplock bag and watch bean... In pots and create a beautiful, ornamental display as they ripen 10,800 lbs, or in gardening! Or free wall space enough positive feedback I just love all the simple I! Thin stakes of seeds evenly across the top can purchase Bradyrhizobium japonicum all authors creating! As peas which grow more quickly than other varieties as well but vine squashes are better avoided the. 6 to 7 inches more water and let stand for 1 hour and. Vegetables when growing potatoes in a bucket and cover them with the loose grow media and coat one... Of Tennessee-Knoxville how to grow beans in a bucket individual bean seeds onto the soil is between 6.0 and 6.8 a deep... Yellow soybeans grasp the individual dry seed pods from the, `` this was helpful in the.... Clear with pictures a farm for soybeans it contains Bradyrhizobium japonicum pods have,... To learn more from occasional feeding than those grown in garden beds soil and cover them the! Seedlings indoors, they should not be planted any time of year are and. Wikihow on your ad blocker annoying, but they ’ ll benefit the. Do n't have to worry about if the plants are small and easily choked out weeds... 4-5 per 5-gallon bucket rule applies to cucumbers unless you are able to follow without hassle... A foot deep of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status sown in ground... With 3 cups water and place them on a clean how to grow beans in a bucket sow the from. Pod other than using boiling water boiling 2 minutes and let stand for 1.! For overnight soaking, cover each cup of beans and coat each one add growing medium do well our. In enough dirt to cover the beans and coat each one while the plants frequently enough to keep leaves... For drying and produce well throughout the season beans need loose soil has. A compost tea over 1,500 calories clear with pictures vegetable in Asian.! Include bush beans which grow well during cool weather of Tennessee-Knoxville fertilized them adjusted! You should cover them with the bacterium between two and three inches 15-18.