The threat of nuclear war. The climate of fear and repression linked to the Red Scare finally began to ease by the late 1950s. The main fears of the American people were that the USSR and other communist countries would either A) cause a war that might end with nuclear destruction, B) … In November 1979, someone touched off fears of a Soviet missile attack by mistakenly inserting a “war games” tape into a computer of the North American Air Defense Command. Psychological impact has drawn psychologists' and even the whole societies' attentions to see how widely the fear of nuclear threat has spread. … Indeed, the harmful psychological effects may include the anxiety of health concerns of nuclear radiation, the fear of devastating war, or the anxiety of lost control on one's own life. In a 2016 episode of The Americans, various households watch The Day After.After the viewing, 15-year-old Paige, whose parents are secret Soviet spies, approaches her father. 4/3/18. ... to start a nuclear war. March 2018, Vol 49, No. The U.S. no longer fears the Soviet Union in the same way but the enemy has become less defined. The American people feared the Soviet for two reasons. The fear of cancer exploded in the United States in the 1950’s. Critical question: What were the effects of the Nuclear Arms Race on the United States and the Soviet Union? This had a huge and unexpected impact, in ways that resonate deeply in society today. First Red Scare: 1917-1920 The first Red Scare occurred in the wake of World War I . (John Dominis/Life Picture Collection via Getty Images) M ore than 30 years later, the impact of the film and its profound moment of communal vulnerability are still felt.. By Jeremy Lybarger. After the Cold War When the Cold War ended in the late 1980s, many Americans did not realize the world's geopolitical landscape was shifting. ST112-WA. Thesis: While the Nuclear Arms race remained predominantly cold, the event itself shows the negative repercussions that weapon technology indirectly had on both the United States and the Soviet Union from a economic, political and societal standpoint. The end of World War II was not just the end of a war, but also the beginning of a tense and dynamic period that affected society on all levels. One reason was why the American people feared the Soviet was because the Soviet had nuclear bombs. This “postwar” period, as it became known, shaped the world as we know it today; likewise, the period was shaped itself both by the war that had preceded it, and the powerful forces that surrounded it. A family during an atomic war drill in the 1950s. For example living through the Cold War, with its constant specter of nuclear … 3. Carter Liou. 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