The Senate, whose authority Caesar had defied in obtaining his post as governor, recognized that Caesar posed a serious political threat and demanded that he disband his army in order to be allowed to stand for the consulship. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. in the making, depending on how you look at it.. Political Strategy. Caesar, meanwhile, had concluded his conquest of Gaul and, aided by the publication of his Commentarii de Bello Gallico, had become a champion of the people. In Caesar's Civil War: Historical Reality and Fabrication, Westall combines literary analysis of Caesar’s Bellum Civile with a concern for the socio-economic history of the Roman empire. Full search After Caesar successfully outmanoeuvred Pompeius's army in the eastern Balkans, Pompeius and his army gradually fall back into Macedonia. (1): Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page Cynthia Damon. He points out that Pompeius' army was drawn largely from the provinces and was poorly trained. (9). Composition and Publication of the BC. It is sometimes shortened to just "Civil Wars", "About the Civil Wars", and "The Civil War", in English translations.[2]. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. Pompeius and his cohorts flee to other areas of the Republic in an attempt to reverse their fortunes. Caesar's authorship of the Commentarii de Bello Civili is not disputed, while the three later works are believed to have been written by contemporaries of Caesar. Commentary references to this page Click anywhere in the Caesar then leads his army across the Mediterranean Sea in pursuit of Pompeius, who had landed in Egypt. As a result of nearly ten years of conquest, Caesar had not only amassed enormous wealth but had established himself as a formidable military and political rival to Pompey. Modern Historians The friends of Pompey and *An earlier version of this paper was read at the 1986 Spring Meeting of the CAAS (University of Maryland). [8] The events of the book were followed by the books Alexandrian, African and Hispanic wars, written most likely by officers of Caesar's armies. Buy Studies on the Text of Caesar's Bellum civile by Damon, Cynthia online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Juba takes several Roman senators captive. Try [1], The Latin title "Commentarii de Bello Civili" is often retained as the title of the book in English translations of the work. A revised critical edition for the Oxford Classical Texts series of the Latin text of Caesar's Bellum civile, his account of his civil war against Pompey. Caesar then writes another monologue portraying Pompeius as a coward because of his refusal to make a stand against Caesar, whose army was beginning to have supply problems, and pointed to Scipio as the primary obstacle to peace. Check date values in: |year= (help) The print version of this textbook is ISBN: 9780198724063, 0198724063. Click here to purchase the book at Oxford's website. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. In 1469 the commentaries were republished in Rome, from which edition most modern copies are now derived. This friendship of convenience came to an end with the death of Crassus in 53 BCE, and Pompey's marriage to Cornelia Metella, the daughter of a fierce opponent of Caesar. To register your interest please contact [email protected] providing details of the course you are teaching. line to jump to another position: C. Iuli Caesaris Commentariorum De Bello Civili, Liber Primus, C. Iuli Caesaris Commentariorum De Bello Civili, Liber Secundus, C. Iuli Caesaris Commentariorum De Bello Civili, Liber Tertius, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License, http://data.perseus.org/citations/urn:cts:latinLit:phi0448.phi002.perseus-lat1:1.1, http://data.perseus.org/texts/urn:cts:latinLit:phi0448.phi002.perseus-lat1, http://data.perseus.org/texts/urn:cts:latinLit:phi0448.phi002, http://data.perseus.org/catalog/urn:cts:latinLit:phi0448.phi002.perseus-lat1. 9.1", "denarius"). Commentarii de Bello Civili (in Latin). After a long siege, the Massilians finally surrender to Caesar, who shows his typical leniency to the vanquished. Studies on the Text of Caesar's Bellum civile eBook: Damon, Cynthia: Amazon.com.au: Kindle Store The Bellum Civile. Caesar and his army follow Pompeius across the Adriatic Sea to Greece after a mop up operation in Italy and in Spain. C. Iuli Caesaris commentarii de bello civili (Bellum civile, or Civil War) Edited by Cynthia Damon Oxford Classical Texts. This work is licensed under a Current location in this text. The Latintitle Commentarii de Bello Civili is often retained as the title of the book in English translations of the work. The Civil War. The title itself is Latin for "Commentaries on the Civil War". c. iulius caesar (100 – 44 b.c.) entering into Italy at the head of his army on January 10, 49 BCE, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Commentarii_de_Bello_Civili&oldid=982987727, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2017, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 15:52. Caesar omits many details of the military campaigns, focusing in large part on the larger strategic situation and the reasoning behind the actions occurring.[2]. Past attention to this narrative of the civil war campaigns in 48 and 47 BCE between the death of Pompey and the victory over Pharnaces concentrated on the vexed question of authorship: Hirtius? Caesar ends the book with an epilogue on the Egyptians' lack of justification for killing Pompeius. CAESAR'S COMMENTARIES OF THE CIVIL WAR. The title itself is Latin for "Commentaries on the Civil War". Click anywhere in the As his term as governor came to an end, Pompey and the Senate demanded that Caesar disband his army and return to Rome, and they forbade him to run for consul in absentia. Scipio raises a personal army of his own from his provinces in Asia Minor and moves to reinforce Pompeius.[6]. [9] Given its much shorter length when compared to Caesar's other works, and its abrupt ending, it is possible that he never finished the work, or that a significant part may still be missing. He routs the troops of Publius Attius Varus, and the Numidian King Juba sends reinforcements to Varus. Portraits of Personalities. [9] The Commentarii de Bello Civili, along with Caesar's other literary works, became staple reading for Latin studies around the world because of their quality and simplicity and because of the excellent grammar employed by Caesar in his writings.[10]. View Notes - caesartext from LATIN 2 at Fairfield High School, Fairfield. Comprising three parts, this volume investigates the detailed philological arguments that underpin the revised edition of the text. e Typographeo Clarendoniano. The lengthy battle and siege resulted in a decisive victory by Caesar's army. In 1809 Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, ordered a detailed look at the works of Caesar. Od. This alliance had overthrown many of the formal legal institutions of the state, through their combined command of the Senate, the Centuriate Assembly and the Tribal Assembly of the Plebs. This text was converted to electronic form by optical character recognition and has been proofread to a medium level of accuracy. Renatus du Pontet. Caesar and Pompey, along with Marcus Crassus, had earlier formed a political alliance known as the First Triumvirate. Modern historians[who?] Enter a Perseus citation to go to another section or work. The most valid reading of Caesar's Bellum Civile shows Caesar as coerced into the civil war by personal enemies who flouted Republican traditions and mores that he was compelled to uphold. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Studies on the Text of Caesar's Bellum civile. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. line to jump to another position: Click on a word to bring up parses, dictionary entries, and frequency statistics. lament the fact that Caesar omits many important details about the military events, primarily because the book is the only source known to exist for many of the events that occurred in it, but also because it was written from the unique perspective of the most powerful figure in the Republic and one of the most notable generals in human history. 1:18 In the mean time, word was brought to Caesar that the people of Sulmo, a town about seven miles distant from Corfinium, were ready to obey his orders, but were prevented by Quintus Lucretius, a senator, and Attius, a Pelignian, who were in possession of the town with a garrison of seven cohorts. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. 0 Reviews. Scriptorum Classicorum Bibliotheca Oxoniensis. Shown above and discussed below are Cynthia Damon's Studies on the Text of Caesar's Bellum civile, her Latin edition of Caesar's Civil War, and her English translation.. Like most ancient texts, we do not have a pristine copy of Caesar… Julius Caesar: The Civil War: Book III (Warminster: Aris & Philips, 1993) 0856685836. He proceeds with his army to invade Italy from Gaul. Cynthia Damon has produced a fresh English edition of Caesar’s Civil War that was decades (or centuries!) An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Pompeius attempts to raise an army in southern Italy, but is forced to retreat with the army to Greece. Ancient Comments. In Greece Pompeius initially has the stronger position, with more troops, controlling many of the strategic areas. He also commonly presents himself as a humane liberal on the epicurean model. Caesar continually points to his efforts to reach an accommodation with Pompeius, and attempts to portray Pompeius as a jealous man only interested in perpetuating a rule in which he and his inner circle control the Republic.[4]. The Genre of the Commentarius and Caesar's Commentarii. Curio sets out for Africa and establishes camp near Utica. commentariorum libri vii de bello gallico cum a. hirti supplemento The oldest known manuscripts of the commentaries date to the tenth century AD. Studies on the Text of Caesar's Bellum civile is a companion volume to Damon's revised Oxford Classical Texts edition of Caesar's Bellum civile, his account of his civil war with Pompey. Hide browse bar The Civil Wars By Julius Caesar Translated by W. A. McDevitte and W. S. Bohn. The book climaxes with the Battle of Pharsalus in June 48. Further Reading Studies on the Text of Caesar's Bellum civile: Amazon.es: Damon, Cynthia: Libros en idiomas extranjeros Studies on the Text of Caesar's Bellum Civile book. The books cover a two-year period discussing the Roman Civil War during 49 and 48 BC. with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Caesar agreed provided that Pompey do the same, but this only further enraged the Senate. It consists of three books covering the events of 49-48 BC, from shortly before Caesar's invasion of Italy to Pompey's defeat at the Battle of Pharsalus and flight to Egypt. The Commentarii de Bello Civili, along with his other works, were compiled into the Histoire de Jules Cesar, and served as an important history that renewed interest in Caesar. • Caesar, Gaius Julius (c. 52 BC). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. The Civil Wars has been divided into the following sections: Book 1 [145k] Book 2 [83k] Book 3 [187k] Download: A 301k text-only version is available for download. [5] Caesar writes a lengthy monologue about the superiority of his army of elite veterans of the pacification of Gaul, and dismisses Pompeius' tactics and the strength of his army. options are on the right side and top of the page. Improved text, excellent translation, superb historical and interpretive notes. Following his consulship in 59 BCE, Caesar served an unprecedented ten-year term as governor of Gallia Cisalpina, Gallia Narbonensis, and Illyricum. Save up to 80% by choosing the eTextbook option for ISBN: 9780191035944, 0191035947. Studies on the Text of Caesar's Bellum civile - Kindle edition by Damon, Cynthia. He then proceeds to explain his reasoning for occupying Egypt with his army, using a succession crisis among the Egyptian royal family as his pretence. The book ended with the line "Haec initia belli Alexandrini fuerunt." Caesar's De Bello Gallico I Latin Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary Beta Edition ... 49 Crosses the Rubicon, civil war begins 48 Ideally, you should read in Latin word order. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. C. Julius Caesar. ("These things were the beginning of the Alexandrian war"). Hello, Sign in. Style and Narrative. Throughout the commentaries he presents his cause as a noble one to restore order and return peace to the Roman people, while showing how his actions were justified. 1901. If you are interested in the title for your course we can consider offering an examination copy. [7] There Pompeius was murdered, according to Caesar, by the Egyptians. [3] Caesar explains how he was wronged by Pompeius and his cohorts, who refused to permit him the triumph that was traditionally permitted to victorious generals. changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. chapter: THE SUPPLEMENT of DIONYSIUS VOSSIUS TO CAESAR'S FIRST BOOK of THE CIVIL WAR. An XML version of this text is available for download, Features an expanded and up-to-date critical apparatus. CAESAR'S COMMENTARIES of THE CIVIL WAR. Tendentiousness and Reliability. Parts of the book have remained lost though, with at least sixteen passages known to be missing. Perseus provides credit for all accepted The book was for a time lost, but was rediscovered in Italian city archives in the Middle Ages. Knowing that he would be ruined by his political opponents without either the protection provided by his army or the immunity offered by the consulship, Caesar ignored the demands of the Senate and, by entering into Italy at the head of his army on January 10, 49 BCE, provoked the Senate to declare him an enemy of the Roman people. CommentāriÄ« dē Bellō Gallicō (English: Commentaries on the Gallic War), also Bellum Gallicum (English: Gallic War), is Julius Caesar's firsthand account of the Gallic Wars, written as a third-person narrative.In it Caesar describes the battles and intrigues that took place in the nine years he spent fighting the Celtic and Germanic peoples in Gaul that opposed Roman conquest. It was not an equitable proposal, to require that Caesar should quit Ariminum and return to his province; but that he [Pompey] should himself retain his province and the legions that belonged to another, and desire that Caesar's army should be disbanded, while he himself was making new levies: and that he should merely promise to go to his province, without naming the day on which he would set out; so … The Text and Manuscript Tradition, Modern Editions. It is sometimes shortened to just "Civil Wars", "About the Civil Wars", and "The Civil War", in English translations. It was preceded by the much longer account of Caesar's campaigns in Gaul and was followed by similar works covering the ensuing wars against the remnants of Pompey's armies in Egypt, North Africa, and Spain. Oxonii. C. IULI CAESARIS BELLUM CIVILE: THE DEATH OF POMPEY After Caesars victory at Pharsalus in T hessa ly in August 48, Po mpe y CAESAR'S COMMENTARIES of THE CIVIL WAR. In the text, Caesar presents himself as the victim of a conspiracy occurring in Rome led by his political enemies, including Gnaeus Pompeius, Scipio, and Marcus Cicero. Amid a fresh outbreak of political violence in Rome, Pompey was appointed sole consul in 52 and solidified his support among the Optimates in the Senate. Studies on the Text of Caesar's Bellum civile is a companion volume to Damon's revised Oxford Classical Texts edition of Caesar's Bellum civile, his account of his civil war with Pompey. During this time he conducted a series of devastating military campaigns against the various groups of people inhabiting Gaul (primarily present-day France and Belgium) culminating in the Battle of Alesia and the annexation of all of Gaul. Each book is subdivided into numbered paragraphs. Studies on the Text of Caesar's Bellum civile by Cynthia Damon and Publisher OUP Oxford. Curio is overly confident; his poor decision-making leads to his army being trapped and slaughtered by the Numidians. Looking for an examination copy? Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. OUP Oxford, Sep 24, 2015 - History - 360 pages. Discussion of the Roman civil war by Julius Caesar. Written as a narrative, the book begins with the expiration of Caesar's term as governor of Gaul and the party dominating the Roman Senate ordering him to return to the city to face charges of misconduct and possible execution. Caesar's lieutenant Gaius Trebonius besieges Massilia. Preview Libri III de Bello Civili Preview Studies on the Text. Commentarii de Bello Civili (Commentaries on the Civil War), or Bellum Civile, is an account written by Julius Caesar of his war against Gnaeus Pompeius and the Roman Senate. C. Iuli Caesaris Commentariorum, pars posterior. Caesar describes Scipio as a maniacal and untrustworthy but weak villain concerned only with destroying Caesar. Cynthia Damon Publishes "Caesar' Civil War" November saw the publication of Cynthia Damon's OCT text of "Caesar's Bellum Civile. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. Caesar and the Bellum Alexandrinum is a welcome study of an important historical text whose origin was a puzzle already in antiquity. Caesar organized his commentaries into three separate books, at that time written on individual scrolls. The Egyptians resisted and Caesar seized the Pharos. Studies on the Text of Caesar's Bellum civile. Period discussing the Roman Civil War during 49 and 48 BC his commentaries into three separate books at. Offering an examination copy in pursuit of Pompeius, who shows his typical leniency to the century... Tenth century AD army to invade Italy from Gaul go to another section or.... References to this page ( 9 ) and 48 BC into three separate,. That you offer Perseus any modifications you make the oldest known manuscripts of the book with epilogue! 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