La guerrilla marxista en Tucumán. Argentine -- 1966-1973 (Dictature militaire) Origine : RAMEAU: Voir aussi : Juan Carlos Onganía (1914-1995), Alejandro Agustín Lanusse (1918-1996) Domaines : Histoire du reste du monde: Autres formes du thème : Dictature militaire (Argentine. 07-01-2015 18:40:54 ZULU. De Santis, Daniel. A vencer o morir. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? The military ruled directly from 1955 to 1958, and then indirectly from 1958 to 1966. Président de la junte militaire, il a toujours occupé, à … Buenos Aires was in an uproar. Revolución Argentina (Argentine Revolution): was the name given by its leaders to a military coup which overthrew the government of Argentina in June 1966. This resulted in the mass resignations and exile of the most liberal and leftist professors and generated widespread student reaction against the government. Le péronisme pendant la « Révolution argentine » (28 juin 1966-25 mai 1973) Des années de révoltes et d’échos; L’esthétisation de la violence, de la mort et du sacrifice; De l’illusion de la libération à l’acéphalie du mouvement (25 mai 1973-1er juillet 1974) La fascination des masses. De Santis, Daniel. Spanish Viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros de la Torre pleaded for calm, but on May 18, a group of citizens came to him demanding a town council. The military government prevented Perón’s own candidacy but could not stop the electoral victory of the Peronist coalition, the Justicialist Liberation Front (Frente Justicialista de Liberación; Frejuli), in March 1973. [114] His strategy implied a very active role for the public sector in guiding the process of economic growth, [114] calling for state control over the money supply, wages and prices, and bank credit to the private sector. Histoire de l'Argentine « Révolution argentine » Liens externes Bibliographie. On June 8, 1970, the joint chiefs of staff, led by General Lanusse, deposed Ongania and appointed to the presidency General Roberto Marcelo Levingston, who was recalled from his post as military attaché in Washington. He … The unity among the opposition proved to be short-lived. To fill the growing deficit in the balance of payments, Argentina resorted to foreign loans that generated a foreign debt of US$5.3 billion between 1969 and 1971. The newly elected president, Héctor J. Cámpora, took office in May 1973. Opposition' to Ongania became more militant in 1968 with the creation of the General Confederation of Labor of the Argentines (Confederacion General del Trabajo de los Argentinos — CGTA), under Peronist leadership and supported by the left and the student movement. Another problem was its lack of support by the large unions (all of which were then under government control). A civilian from an old family, José Martínez de Hoz, became economy minister, but, keen as he was to deregulate the economy, the armed forces were equally determined to keep control. Revolutionary activism was shared by sectors of the Catholic clergy. Nuestra América, 2004. The Argentine Revolution, 1966-72 The military dominated Argentine politics once more after Illia's removal from office. A vencer o morir. KM : 61 Qualité de la monnaie : SUP Année : 1966 Pays : Argentine Métal : Nickel Clad Steel Valeur faciale : 25 Pesos Atelier : Non Applicable 6.52 gr #Numismatique #Collection #Inspiration #Histoire In response to these events, the CGT and the CGTA of Cordoba organized a strike and a demonstration for May 29. During this period the economy continued to lag. It was immediately clear that he was merely preparing the way for the return of Perón from exile. 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1966th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 966th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1960s decade. Lanusse immediately contacted Perón in Madrid, approved a project for legalization of all political parties, proposed the "Great National Agreement" for the constitutional reorganization of Argentina, and announced elections for 1973. Ongania's economic policy was geared toward creating favorable conditions for foreign investments, thus reinforcing the country's economic dependence. Perón refused to comply with the residence requirement or to declare himself a candidate, although he arrived in December to carry out political negotiations. In July Cámpora resigned, and new elections were presided over by another interim president, Raúl Lastiri, who began a purge of leftist influences in the government. Peron was enabled to engage in this social demagogy, and partly carry it out, because Argentina … This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Ces nouvelles normes s’inscrivent dans un processus de démocratisation et d’élargissement de la citoyenneté qui cependant, ne s’est pas étendu à l’avortement. Adalbert Krieger Vasena, minister of economy and labour, attempted to stabilize the economy by again devaluing the currency and then undertaking programs in electric power, steel, roads, and housing. To a large extent, the deeds of this military regime have been dwarfed either by the Peronist authoritarianism that preceded it or by the dreadfulness of Argentina’s following military dictatorship (1976 … Guide de l’Argentine Le XXe siècle en Argentine fut marqué à la fois par un âge d’or, puis par les dictatures militaires et la figure de Perón. Riots in Córdoba, economic chaos, and lack of political support led the way to Levingston's dismissal by the joint chiefs of staff on March 23, 1971. Descended from immigrants and raised during the brutal period of military dictatorship known as the “Argentine Revolution” (1966–73), Guillermo Kuitca produces powerful paintings, sculptures, drawings, and installations resonant with themes of isolation, dislocation, and loneliness. Devenu l'homme fort de la révolution argentine, il élimine Ongania et Levingston. When Perón died on July 1, 1974, he left to his widow a deeply compromised inheritance, yet the transition of power was smooth, and Isabel Perón was sworn in as the world’s first woman president. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { For several decades, militarism was the … Ediciones ryr. In the center of Cordoba the students joined the demonstration, which was met by police and army troops and transformed the city into a battlefield for two days. In Rosario the local CGTA supported the student protests against armed intervention; in Córdoba, police brutality provoked street clashes with the workers. Following the coup, the company was gradually run down, a process carried out by the dictator Juan Carlos Onganía and Roberto Noble, owner of the newspaper Clarín. Annual inflation dropped in 1976–82 from about 600 to 138 percent—a more manageable but still distended level. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; By the end of 1971 the widespread repression had provoked open criticism from groups such as the International Commission of Jurists in Geneva, which denounced the obstruction of justice, intimidation, and persecution of Argentine lawyers who defended political prisoners. Under the influence of López Rega, the government became even more inflexibly oriented toward the right, and violence reached new heights. Government backing was provided by over 20 laws passed between 1966 and the early 1970s proscribing "subversion and communism" and establishing the death penalty for political crimes. Poems from Argentina. López Rega, who used the rightist crusade to consolidate his power base, favoured labour and army leaders who personally supported him, and this style of favouritism created hostility among union, political, and military leaders. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); The executions fomented popular demonstrations throughout the country. The Argentine Revolution of 1905also known as the Radical Revolution of 1905was a civil-military uprising organized by the Radical Civic Unionand headed by Hipólito Yrigoyenagainst the oligarchic dominanceknown as the Roquismoled by Julio Argentino Rocaand his National Autonomist Party. After the incident and the resulting protests, the administration imposed even more severe treatment on the remaining 2,000 political prisoners in Argentina. Juillet 1971 : rétablissement des partis (y compris le Parti justicialiste interdit depuis 1955). The May Revolution of 1810 was just the beginning of a long struggle. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); A few isolated incidents of protest were met by armed force, creating a common bond among different sectors of Argentine society. Isabel Perón was persuaded to dismiss López Rega, but the unrest deepened. El vencedor de las votaciones, sin mayoría absoluta, había sido Arturo Illia, de la Unión Cívica Radical. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; Histoire de l'Argentine « Révolution argentine » Liens externes Bibliographie. Onganía implemented corporatist policies, experimenting in particular in Córdoba under the governance of Carlos Caballero. La guerrilla marxista en Tucumán. Las elecciones de 1963 se habían desarrollado en un ambiente bastante convulso. Note publique d'information : 28 juin 1966 : le président Arturo Illia est renversé par une junte militaire, dirigée par les généraux Juan Carlos Onganía (1966-1970), Marcelo Levingston (1970-1971) et Alejandro Lanusse (1971-1973). Le coup d’État du 24 mars 1976 est réalisé seulement trois ans après la fin de la dictature de la Révolution argentine (1966-1973). Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! The price of petroleum imports increased sharply, owing to the Arab oil embargo of 1973, and outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease in Argentina caused many European nations to ban shipments of Argentine meat. Ongania appointed Adalbert Krieger Vasena to head the Economy Ministry. var script = document.createElement("script"); Argentine -- 1966-1973 (Dictature militaire) Vedette matière nom géographique. The second largest city of Argentina had historically been opposed to administrative centralism. 10 Encouraged by the Cuban Revolution and the May 1968 uprisings in France, the Cordobazo (literally, coup of Córdoba) sprang from the militant working classes and received support from the local business community, students, and the liberal sectors of the Catholic church. These were hard times for the Argentine labor force, which suffered from a reduction of the minimum wage, a subsequent wage freeze, and a change in the retirement age from 55 to 60 years.  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